What follows transformative agreements?

A proposal to implement tender procedures and introduce competition between publishers in the context of national open-access consortia

Open-access transformation of scholarly publications is a declared goal of Coalition S and the OA2020 initiative and their supporting institutions. To reach a large-scale open-access transition of journals, established subscription-based journals should flip to open access. Currently, transformative agreements are favored to achieve that aim, like the agreements that have been negotiated by the project DEAL with the three biggest international publishers (Elsevier, Springer Nature, and Wiley) for several years. Transformative agreements’ design and conditions are bilaterally negotiated between publisher and library consortia. Often, previous subscription expenditures serve as a starting point for negotiations. In addition, the DEAL-Wiley Read-and-Access agreement takes over APCs for publications in pure open-access journals with a 20% discount on list price. The DEAL-Springer agreement is supposed to be signed under similar conditions.

But what can we expect after the tipping point, when transformative agreement worldwide lead to a widespread flip of scholarly journals to open access? Which actors will become important, how agreements will be shaped, which price-setting mechanisms will be applied, how will be the funding of open-access publishing organized—and finally—will we success in breaking the ever increasing subscription costs with open access, or will we be faced with a new APC price spiral?

Read more…

Open access and learned societies: 4th OA2020-DE transformation workshop in Göttingen

How can learned societies successfully implement open-access transformation?

Since the mid-1990s, increasing digitalization has changed the entire scientific communication. At the latest since 2003, the year of the Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities, the topic of open access has been on the agenda for everyone to see. Plan S has once again increased the pressure on publishers to gear their business models to changing scientific communication behaviour and science policy demands for open access and open sciene. This also affects learned societies as publishers of own scientific journals and book series. Against this background, the National Contact Point Open Access OA2020-DE invited various learned societies and specialised information services (FIDs) to the Göttingen State and University Library of Lower Saxony for a transformation workshop on 4th and 5th November 2019. The focus of the workshop was on reports by learned societies that already publish their journals in open access and even perhaps have completed a transformation process, as well as on various options for support from research funding agencies, the specialised information services and libraries (Agenda).

Read more…

OA2020-DE publishes research report on the funding requirements for open access

OA2020-DE publishes transformation calculation to determine funding requirements for open access at selected German universities and research institutions

The transformation of subscription-based scientific journals into open access will in all likelihood lead to changes in the financial burden on scientific institutions in Germany. At present, APCs are the dominant business model for open-access journals that are indexed by relevant, international bibliographic databases. As this or comparable business models become widely applied to journals and the open-access transition progresses, expenses for journals will be reallocated. In order to react adequately to the open-access transformation within one's own organisation and to play an active role in shaping it, it is necessary to make reliable estimates of the financial relief or burdens with regard to the expected total institutional APC expenditure of one's own institutions. The project OA2020-DE has prepared a report to illustrate how institutions can cost-model and prepare for the transition.

Read more…

Guidance document Open Access Publication Funds - Establishment and Funding Conditions

2019 Open Access Week Theme

As part of this year's International Open Access Week, we would like to refer you to a publication by the Austrian Open Access Project AT2OA: The guidance document "Open Access Publication Funds - Establishment and Funding Conditions" was created to provide a framework for the development of funding conditions for Open Access Publication Funds especially for institutions planning to set up an Open Access Publication Fund. In addition, it is meant to support a critical review of the funding conditions of existtng publication funds.

In keeping with this year's theme "Open for Whom? Equity in Open Knowledge", the paper offers a number of recommendations for standardising funding conditions with the aim of providing a clear framework for scientists, increasing cost efficiency and communicating uniform standards to Publishers.

You can find the guidance document on Zenodo: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2653724.

More than half is done! 19 Pledges for second run of OPEN Library Political Science

The second round of the OPEN Library Political Science is also well on its way to becoming a complete success!

Since the 14th of October there are 17 full and 2 sponsoring light pledges for the second run of transcript OPEN Library Political Science 2020. On the one hand, more than half of the minimum participants are reached and, on the other hand, the response shows a continuously high level of interest in transparent and valid models for open-access transformation, especially in the humanities and social sciences.

Therefore, we are very pleased about the participation of the following libraries:

Read more…

OA2020-DE research report on the number of publications at German science institutions published

OA2020-DE research report on the number of publications and distribution of scientific articles in the context of open-access transformation at German research institutions published

The aim of the open-access transformation is to convert the standard business model for scientific publishers from subscription to open-access publishing. This will involve changes in the business processes and billing logic, which in future will focus on the individual publication. The DEAL contract with Wiley is a first step, which will be followed by others (see the DEAL-Springer-MoU). Of course, the burdens and reliefs resulting from this new calculation model will be unequal and, above all, distributed differently than in the previous subscription model and this will result in requirements for a financial and structural reorganization of the individual scientific institutions. Supporting scientific institutions in this is one of the tasks of the "National Contact Point Open Access OA2020-DE" project, in which the report presented here has been prepared.

Read more…

How to build a community? Start of ENABLE, a platform for cooperative projects in open access

Invitation to cooperation - ENABLE! Libraries, Publishers and Authors for Open Access in the Humanities and Social Sciences

Libraries have long been familiar with collective structures for the joint acquisition of content in the form of consortia. However, crowdfunding models for the open-access provision of publications are new territory for libraries (and publishers), since this model is not only about joint financing, but above all about joint enabling of open-access publications. Libraries thus become part of a constellation of actors in the publication process that also includes publishers and authors.

Our common concern is therefore the development of an inclusive open-access culture, supported by all those involved, which ties in with the tried and tested and at the same time opens up to new ideas. To ensure this, we need an exchange of experience, new forms of cooperation and changed financing models. We would like to see the diversity of actors in the world of humanities and social sciences publishing as a wealth and to use it to create something that offers advantages for all those involved and offers libraries and publishers a solid perspective for the future in a new partnership constellation.

Read more…

Successful adaption of the OPEN Library to a sub-discipline of pedagogy

wbv Media is paving the way for Open Access in the field of education to the benefit of scholars and librarians

[Press release]

A collaboration with OA2020-DE and Knowledge Unlatched

Bielefeld/Berlin, September 3rd 2019: wbv Publikation – a division of wbv Media GmbH & Co. KG – is launching, together with the National Open-Access-Kontaktpunkt OA2020-DE, the project „OPEN Library Erwachsenbildung, Berufs- und Wirtschaftspädagogik“. Thanks to a cooperative financing model, the initiative will allow for 20 frontlist titles in the fields of Adult Education and Vocational & Business Education to be published Open Access as of 2020. Knowledge Unlatched will coordinate the funding efforts.

Read more…

2nd round transcript OPEN Library - first three pledges achieved

We received our first three pledges for the ebook-openaccess-transformation-project transcript OPEN Library Political Science 2020! It's good to have

  • University Library Frankfurt/Main,
  • University Library Kassel and
  • Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin - Preußischer Kulturbesitz

on board! And we are sure that more will follow.

Find out more about the project:

Are APCs the dominant business model for open-access journals?

Are APCs the dominant business model for open-access journals?

…Or is it just one important among many others?

That is an open question. To approach it, we looked into available figures on open-access journals.

Out of the 13,337 journals that are listed in the DOAJ, a broad majority (9,752 journals) do not charge APCs (there is no information according APCs for 53 journals, as of 2019-06-05). However, the largest open-access journals, which partially have a very high reputation, pursue quite often an APC business model, for example, PLOS ONE, Scientific Reports, Nature Communications, RSC Advances, Optics Express and Nucleic Acids Research. These journals publish minimum one thousand articles, reviews and proceedings papers per year. So, what’s right?

As often the answer is: It depends.

Read more…